The Titan Process is a Totally Different Form of Microbial Enhanced Oil Recovery (MEOR)
Other MEOR technologies past and present are very different from the Titan Process®. These technologies almost all either inject microbes into existing oil fields or inject a glucose food source (eg. molasses) to feed resident microbes. The goal is to have the microbes excrete a by-product referred to as a biometabolite. These microbial produced by-products are gas, polymers, acids and surfactants.
Inherent in the disadvantages of some of the other known MEOR technologies is that in order to produce 100 pounds of bio-products in a reservoir, one would have to inject 100-200 pounds of food. There will be a constant need to feed the microbes many times, usually on a weekly basis. The Titan Process, by contrast, changes the microbes’ “activity,” and the feeding process is much less frequent, usually once every three to six months.
The Titan Process is radically different and only uses resident microbes and injects a non-glucose nutrient formula which induces the microbes to become “active” in the reservoir by changing the characteristics of their skin. The microbes then seek and surround oil droplets in the sandstones and carbonate strata. This activity dislodges and breaks up oil droplets, which significantly increases oil recovery.
Other MEOR processes injecting non-indigenous microbes into a reservoir will have disadvantages. All species from the plant and animal kingdoms have very specific habitats and living patterns and naturally over thousands and millions of years have adapted to their environment. For example, to adapt penguins to swim in warm tropical waters would require complex and unnatural biological, chemical or physical adaptations to be implemented. Microbes are no different.
All oil reservoirs have varying characteristics that make non-indigenous microbes either die or not function efficiently if introduced. Some of these characteristics are temperature, salinity (salt concentrations), pressure and pH level. The Titan Process only uses indigenous microbes, avoiding all complexities of adaptation. Therefore a majority of oil reservoirs are eligible for the Titan Process. The important prerequisite is that there are microbes in the reservoir and this scientifically always has been the case.
Titan avoids the engineering of newly injected microbes that require extensive biotechnical hurdles to be overcome, all of which must take place for success. For example: 1) making sure the microbes can survive; 2) making sure they can reproduce sufficiently; and 3) making sure they can excrete the desired biometabolites efficiently in the new environment.
No Oxygen Required
The Titan Process works on either aerobic or anaerobic microbes (those not requiring oxygen to survive). The Titan Process induces the microbes to become oleophilic (to seek and attach themselves to oil droplets) and induces the microbes to perform an activity and “do” something within the oil reservoir as opposed to “excreting” something (bio-gas, bio-surfactant or bio-polymers). This oleophilic (oil-loving) activity is an entirely new direction in the field of MEOR. This process is simple, efficient, inexpensive and 100% environmentally friendly.
Because the Titan Process does not inject new microbes into oil fields and only uses resident microbes, problems and complex solutions dealing with reservoir pressure, saline content and temperature are not encountered, since the microbes have already adapted to their environment. Also the Titan Process does not require an extensive feeding and excretion cycle. It relies on the microbes' skin characteristic changes to induce superior oil recovery activity.